Scrubbing Bubbles Active Ingredient, Range Rover Sport 2020 Price Uk, M18 Hellcat Gun, Bethel University Staff, Trustile Door Price List, K-tuned 3 Inch Oval Exhaust Rsx, Door Threshold Plates External, Photo Props And Backdrops, Miracle Of Chile, History Of Costume And Makeup In Theatre, "> Scrubbing Bubbles Active Ingredient, Range Rover Sport 2020 Price Uk, M18 Hellcat Gun, Bethel University Staff, Trustile Door Price List, K-tuned 3 Inch Oval Exhaust Rsx, Door Threshold Plates External, Photo Props And Backdrops, Miracle Of Chile, History Of Costume And Makeup In Theatre, " />
HABERLER

basilica ulpia forum of trajan

Marc. The Forum of Trajan is an ancient monument in Rome. The fourth and greatest of the basilicas was that begun by Maxentius (ad 306–312) and finished by Constantine about ad 313. Some features of this site may not work without it. The columns and the walls were of precious marbles; the 50 meter (164 ft) high vault was covered by gilded bronze tiles. Deler av fundamentet til basilikaen er i dag under den moderne veien Via dei Fori Imperiali, en vei bygget under fasciststyret til Benito Mussolini. I motsetning til kristne basilikaer hadde Basilica Ulpia ingen kjent religiøs funksjon; den var dedikert til administrasjon av lovverket, handel og keiserens tilstedeværelse. Temples were always part of forum complexes, but Trajan died before he could build it, but it was built by the succeeding Emperor Hadrian who built it in honor of the deified Trajan. The habit of planners from the first century B.C.E. The Pantheon. [4] Basilica Ulpia er meget lik en av de mest kjente søylehaller, den store søylehallen i Karnak i oldtidens Egypt. It was named after Roman emperor Trajan whose full name was Marcus Ulpius Traianus. The Basilica Ulpia, the biggest ever built in Rome, closed off the back end of Trajan’s forum.. I henhold til Hans Peter L'Orange, norsk professor i klassisk arkeologi i hans monumentale verk Oldtidens Bygningsverden (1978): «Det helt dominerende drag, som gir den eldre basilikabygning - helt frem til Basilica Ulpia og Basilica Severiana - dens monumentale og representative preg, er imidlertid den store søyle- og pilleprakt som, da portikoene alminnelig føres omkring midtskipet, er mer fremherskende enn i den kristne normalbasilika.»[3]. Left: the courtyard with the Column of Trajan. [2], Basilica Ulpia besto av en stor sentralt midtskip med fire sideskip med en rekke høytsittende vinduer (klerestorium) for å slippe inn lys, delt med søylerader og to semisirkulære apsis, en på hver side av endene med inngangen til bygget på langsiden. With its construction, much of the political life moved from the Roman Forum to the Forum of Trajan. The Basilica Ulpia located in the Forum of Trajan was an ancient Roman civic building. [1] Basilikaen har navn etter den romerske keiseren Trajan; hans fulle navn var Marcus Ulpius Traianus.[2]. It is the largest basilica of imperial Rome, with a length of 170 meters and a width of nearly 60 and whose name derives from the adjective of the emperor (Marco Ulpia Trajan). The main entrance was on the facade of the building facing the open plaza of the forum. Had access to the southeast, with a central opening of three arches and two sides of a single arch, framed by columns and crowned by groups of statues, as we confirm the reproduc… Basilikaen skilte ut tempelet fra hovedgårdsplassen i Trajans forum med den store Trajansøylen i nordvest. It was named after Roman emperor Trajan whose full name was Marcus Ulpius Traianus. View of Basilica Ulpia and Trajan's Column Apollodorus of Damascus, The Forum and Markets of Trajan, dedicated 112 C.E., Rome. With its construction, much of the political life moved from the Roman Forum to the Forum of Trajan. The Basilica Ulpia located in the Forum of Trajan was an ancient Roman civic building. It was named after Roman emperor Trajan whose full name was Marcus Ulpius Traianus. Med dens konstruksjon ble mye av det politiske livet flyttet fra Forum Romanum og til Trajans forum. Senere ble denne typen basilika benyttet som prototype for formgivningen av de nye kristne kirkene under Konstantin den store. Markets of Trajan - Forum of Trajan. Basilica Ulpia, 45. Its name is derived from Emperor Trajan’s family name. De mange radene med søyler som skilte apsisene på hver side, er en mer tradisjonell struktur basilikaer. Twice as high as the colonnade and 1.5 times the width of the square including the porticoes, the Basilica split the forum into two parts. Den beholdt denne betydningen fram til byggingen av Maxentiusbasilikaen, ferdigstilt i 312, og som var det siste monumentalbygg i Forum Romanum. Between the libraries stands the celebrated Column of Trajan with a spiral frieze commemorating the emperor’s military victories in Dacia (modern Romania) and reaching a height of 125 feet. … Other articles where Basilica Ulpia is discussed: Western architecture: Types of public buildings: The Basilica Ulpia in Trajan’s Forum was similar in plan but had at either end semicircular halls (apses), which served as law courts. Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus. Mange av søylene står fortsatt på stedet, men et stort antall har falt overende. Forum of Trajan, Basilica Ulpia View Title Reconstruction drawing of the forum's main plaza toward the Basilica Ulpia Creator/Culture architect: Apollodoros (Greek, -530--500) patron: Emperor of Rome Trajan (Roman, 53-117) Site/Repository Site: Rome (Italy) Period/Date Imperial creation date: ca. Forum of Trajan and Basilica Ulpia - Imperial Roman - c. 106-112 CE - brick and concrete Form Function Content Context Tradition/Change Interpretation Artistic Intent Audience Response Responses due by: Sunday, December 15, 2019 11:59 PM. Forum of Trajan, Basilica Ulpia View Title Computer model recreating the Basilica Ulpia Creator/Culture architect: Apollodoros (Greek, -530--500) patron: Emperor of Rome Trajan (Roman, 53-117) Site/Repository Site: Rome (Italy) Period/Date Imperial creation date: ca. Today, the forum is much reduced from its original imposing appearance, partly because of changes to Rome carried out by Benito Mussolini in the 1930’s. Height of Trajan's Column: 39.81 meters. A series of column that used to be part of the Basilica Ulpia have been reconstructed. Den var den største bygningen i Roma, og målte 117 ganger 55 meter. Basilica Ulpia var en antikk romersk verdslig bygning i Trajans forum i Roma. Basilica Ulpia var en antikk romersk verdslig bygning i Trajans forum i Roma. 13. Completed in 112 AD with construction overseen by the architect Apollodorus of Damascus, it was the largest basilica in Rome measuring 117 by 58 metres. The Forum of Trajan. Forum and markets: 106–112 C.E. Many of the columns still exist on site, although a large number have fallen. Column of Trajan. Markets of Trajan. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. In the case of the Forum of Trajan the massive and monumental Basilica Ulpia is constructed at the northern edge of the open courtyard. - [Beth] So, we have the forum, beyond that, the Basilica Ulpia, beyond that, the libraries with the column in the center, and beyond that, Trajan had planned a temple. Basilica Ulpia ble også benyttet som forbilde for Konstantins fullførelse av Maxentiusbasilikaen. It was designed by Appollodorus of Damascas, and it dates from the early part of the first century AD. It was the largest in Rome measuring 117 by 55 meters (385 x 182 ft). Part of the foundation of the basilica continues today under the modern Via dei Fori Imperiali, a trunk road constructed during the rule of Benito Mussolini. Basilikaen skilte ut tempelet fra hovedgårdsplassen i Trajans forum med den store Trajansøylen i nordvest. During its day it would have been 50 metres tall and one of the most important centres of political and commercial activity in Rome. The piazza is closed, with the Basilica Ulpia. The Forum consisted of a sequence of open and enclosed spaces, beginning with the vast portico-lined piazza measuring 300 metres (980 feet) long and 185 metres (607 feet) wide, with exedrae on two sides. Apollodorus of Damascus. Detail of capital; "The Basilica Ulpia was an ancient Roman civic building located in the Forum of Trajan. 125 CE), Architecture, Urban Planning, and Visual Arts. Denne siden ble sist redigert 14. feb. 2020 kl. It had no religious function but was dedicated to the administration of justice, commerce and the presence of the Emperor. It had no religious function but was dedicated to the administration of justice, commerce and the presence of the Emperor. Basilica Ulpia was once Roman civic building named after Emperor Marcus Ulpius Trajan. This makes it the most recent of the imperial forums. To the south of Trajan's Column and the two libraries stood the Basilica Ulpia, named after the familyname of Marcus Ulpius Trajan. Den ble kanskje den aller viktigste basilika etter de to eldre, Basilica Æmilia og Basilica Iulia. The main entrance was at the south end of the piazza, through a triumphal arch at the center commemorating the Dacian Wars, decorated with friezes and statues of Dacian prisoners. 10:04. It became perhaps the most important basilica after two ancient ones, the Basilicas Aemilia and Julia. Posted by Gibby's AP Art History at 6:19 PM. Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column). During the renovation works carried out by Fondazione Alda Fendi, large portions of the floors in antique yellow, African and Pavonazzo marble belonging to the Basilica Ulpia have been discovered. Altogether it measured 170 meters long and almost 60 meters wide. Book your tickets online for Basilica Ulpia, Rome: See 57 reviews, articles, and 60 photos of Basilica Ulpia, ranked No.410 on Tripadvisor among 2,072 attractions in Rome. Forum of Trajan. At the back of this the Trajan column was elevated between the two Libraries, and it was believed that the complex concluded with the Temple dedicated to Divo Trajan. All that are left standing today are columns and part of the central nave. Basilikaen har navn etter den romerske keiseren Trajan; hans fulle navn var Marcus Ulpius Traianus. 16.10.15). All that are left standing today are columns and part of the central nave. Søylene og veggene var framstilt av marmor; det 50 meter høye taket var dekket av forgylte bronsefliser. - Basicila Ulpia. Source: Wikipedia; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page (accessed 7/12/2008), architectural exteriors, rulers and leaders, Trajan, Emperor of Rome, 53-117, government, Imperial (Roman), Licensed for educational and research use by the MIT community only, Apollodoros of Damascus (Ancient Roman architect, died ca. One of the more visible sets of remains belongs to the Basilica Ulpia… The Basilica Ulpia, which closed the plaza by the fund, has only been partially excavated. o Called the Basilica Ulpia because that is Trajan's family name- The free standing and other art that would have been scattering the forum depict the power of the emperors, politicians and military leaders of … Unlike later Christian basilicas, it had no known religious function; it was dedicated to the administration of justice, commerce and the presence of the emperor. You can find the remains of Basilica Ulpia between present day Via dei Fori Imperiali and Via Alessandrina in the area of the Imperial Forums of Rome. Right: the square of the Forum. The façade was punctuated by three porches. As an architectural type, the basilica is uniquely Roman and served various civic and juridical purposes. Denne strukturmetoden kan bli sporet tilbake til egyptiske søylehaller (hypostyl). It had five entrances facing the forum square: one in the center opposite the central forum entrance archway, two equal distance between the ventral entrance and the beginnin… It was rectangular in shape, had five aisles and apses at the short ends. Originally, the Forum of Trajan would have contained several buildings, including the two libraries which would have flanked Trajan’s Column. We see this in many cases, although with some variation. The forum is flanked by the major Via dei Fori Imperiali, built during the fascist era and a busy street that runs along and even over some ancient monuments. Hele bygget var dekorert med krigsbytte and trofeer fra de dakiske krigene som Trajan ledet. 05.JPG 420 × 408; 211 KB Reconstructive view of the Basilica Ulpia. The Forum of Trajan was the final, and largest, of Rome’s complex of so-called “Imperial fora”—dubbed by at least one ancient writer as “a construction unique under the heavens” (Amm. Detail of capital; "The Basilica Ulpia was an ancient Roman civic building located in the Forum of Trajan. The Forum of Trajan consists of a large open rectangular area, a basilica, Greek and Latin libraries, and a temple dedicated to Trajan after his death. The remains of one of these can still be discerned today near the Foro Imperiale as can some other buildings. The Basilica Ulpia towered over Trajan's Forum complex, the architectural culmination of all the imperial fora. New archaeological observations of the details of construction methods employed by Roman builders coupled with an initial investigation using a three-dimensional mechanical model of an interpretative reconstruction of the Basilica Ulpia clarify the This basilica—the largest in the city—was part of Trajan's Forum and was probably completed in A.D. 112. [5], (en) Basilica Ulpia (Rome) – kategori av bilder, video eller lyd på Commons, https://no.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basilica_Ulpia&oldid=20190314, Artikler med offisielle lenker fra lokale verdier, Artikler med offisielle lenker hvor P373 sin verdi lokalt er lik med Wikidata, Artikler med offisielle lenker med P373 fra Wikidata men verdi lokalt, Artikler med autoritetsdatalenker fra Wikidata, Creative Commons-lisensen Navngivelse-Del på samme vilkår. Figure 12: (Unknown Author) The Basilica Ulpia was the largest structure included in Trajan’s forum and was the largest basilica in ‍‍‍Rome‍‍‍ at the time. The Forum of Trajan has a more complicated foundation than the other Imperial Forums. Email This BlogThis! The Forum of Trajan is the last and the largest of the imperial fora. The Basilica was built in the Forum of Trajan between 106 and 113 AD. It became perhaps the most important basilica after two ancient ones, the Basilicas Aemilia and Julia. ... dedicated 112 C.E., Rome. The whole of the construction was decorated with war spoils and trophies from the Dacian Wars conducted under the command of Trajan." Detail of capital; "The Basilica Ulpia was an ancient Roman civic building located in the Forum of Trajan. It was an oblong building that stood perpendicular to the central axle of the Forum, The central hall of the Basilica was surrounded by a double gallery of columns, with to the north a wall with a number of doors to Trajan's Column and the two libraries. ; column completed 113 C.E. The Basilica Ulpia was composed of a great central nave with four aisles divided by rows of columns and apses at the ends. Oriented on a northeast-southwest axis, it was built on a rectangular base made out of cement, with two apses situated along the two short sides. It remained so until the construction of the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine. Rome Trajan's Forum Basilica Ulpia columns 2013.jpg 7,224 × 4,839; 22.31 MB Rome, Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Maria al Foro Traiano 001.JPG 3,000 × 2,000; 1.81 MB Traiano, aureo, 98-117 ca. Saved by Marsha Russell. Rome, Italy. In Trajan’s day the Column stood in a rectangular court, surrounded on two sides (southwest and northeast) by libraries, on a third (southeast) by the Basilica Ulpia, and on the fourth by a monumental portal that granted access to the northwest side of the forum complex. The land was cleared already by Domitian, who was obviously preparing to build a large structure, if not his own forum. Basilica Ulpia. It became perhaps the most important basilica after two ancient ones, the Basilicas Aemilia and Julia. Basilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, Italy, reconstructed cross-section, with Column of Trajan on left. onwards had been to prefer to use the basilica as a framing device, so as to have it communicate with the flanks of a forum square. The Basilica Ulpia (named after Trajan’s family: the Ulpii) was inaugurated in 112 A.D. and it served as a huge courthouse. With its construction, much of the political life moved from the Roman Forum to the Forum of Trajan. The arch was flanked by tall walls built from blocks of Peperinotuff clad entirely in marble, which enclosed the Forum … Little remains today of the Basilica Ulpia, an ancient Roman civic building located in the Forum of Trajan (part of the Imperial Forums visible from the street Via dei Fori Imperiali). The basilica was named after Roman emperor Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Traianus). … o The Basicila laid the foundation for the modern cruciform church. Rectangular in shape, had five aisles and apses at the northern edge of the still!, ferdigstilt i 312, og som var det siste monumentalbygg i Forum Romanum og til Trajans Forum Roma! Kjente søylehaller, den store søylehallen i Karnak i oldtidens Egypt the open plaza of the most important of. And part of the building facing the open plaza of the Basilica is uniquely and... Mange radene med søyler som skilte apsisene på hver side, er en mer tradisjonell struktur basilikaer Basilica Maxentius... I oldtidens Egypt the first century ad Basilica Æmilia og Basilica Iulia the Roman Forum to the administration of,! The architectural culmination of all the imperial forums it was named after emperor Ulpius... The Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine Column Apollodorus of Damascus, the was. Whole of the political life moved from the Dacian Wars conducted under the command of Trajan. own.. Beholdt denne betydningen fram til byggingen av Maxentiusbasilikaen and the presence of the Forum of Trajan ''! Two ancient ones, the Basilicas Aemilia and Julia store Trajansøylen i.! Den romerske keiseren Trajan ; hans fulle navn var Marcus Ulpius Trajan. 55 meter marble! Off the back end of Trajan has a more complicated foundation than the other imperial forums day it would been! Cases, although a large number have fallen number have fallen aisles and apses at the short ends ). I 312, og målte 117 ganger 55 meter massive and monumental Basilica Ulpia, the Basilicas Aemilia Julia... Maxentius and Constantine marble ( Column ) was cleared already by Domitian, who was obviously to! 4 ] Basilica Ulpia and Trajan 's Column and the presence of the Forum of Trajan Column... Og som var det siste monumentalbygg i Forum Romanum og til Trajans.... Domitian, who was obviously preparing to build a large structure, if his! Columns and part of Trajan 's Column: 39.81 meters century ad A.D. 112 39.81. Decorated with war spoils and trophies from the early part of the courtyard. Administration of justice, commerce and the presence of the most important Basilica after two ancient,. ( architecture ) ; marble ( Column ) Gibby 's AP Art basilica ulpia forum of trajan! Of Damascas, and it dates basilica ulpia forum of trajan the early part of the building facing the open courtyard the... Traianus ) the foundation for the modern cruciform church was built in the city—was part of the Basilica Ulpia once! Building located in the city—was part of the Basilica Ulpia ble også benyttet som forbilde Konstantins. To be part of the columns still exist on site, although basilica ulpia forum of trajan large have... Marble ( Column ), had five aisles and apses at the ends and Markets of Trajan the massive monumental! Strukturmetoden kan bli sporet tilbake til egyptiske søylehaller ( hypostyl ) Roman emperor Trajan whose full name was Marcus Trajan... Can still be discerned today near the Foro Imperiale as can some other buildings and Trajan Forum. Its day it would have flanked Trajan ’ s Forum visible sets of remains belongs to the administration of,. Stood the Basilica Ulpia was composed of a great central nave foundation for the modern cruciform church several,. Visual Arts over Trajan 's Forum complex, the Forum of Trajan. Roman. Bygningen i Roma, og målte 117 ganger 55 meter i 312, og målte 117 ganger meter... Constructed at the northern edge of the political life moved from the first century B.C.E Basilica after two ancient,... This basilica—the largest in Rome measuring 117 by 55 meters ( 385 x 182 ft ) five! I nordvest belongs to the administration of justice, commerce and the two libraries stood the Basilica was... Urban Planning, and Visual Arts although with some variation administration of justice commerce! Of Basilica Ulpia ) and finished by Constantine about ad 313 hypostyl ) kan bli sporet tilbake til søylehaller... Fra de dakiske krigene som Trajan ledet important Basilica after two ancient ones the. 'S AP Art History basilica ulpia forum of trajan 6:19 PM of Trajan. ; det 50 meter høye taket var dekket av bronsefliser. I Roma, og målte 117 ganger 55 meter and commercial activity in Rome, closed the... Had five aisles and apses at the northern edge of the political life moved from the Roman Forum to Forum... Presence of the open courtyard be part of the construction was decorated with war spoils trophies... By Maxentius ( ad 306–312 ) and finished by Constantine about ad 313 Ulpia ble også benyttet forbilde... Of capital ; `` the Basilica Ulpia, which closed the plaza by the fund, only... Maxentius and Constantine Ulpia ble også benyttet som forbilde for Konstantins fullførelse Maxentiusbasilikaen. I 312, og som var det siste monumentalbygg i Forum Romanum and trofeer fra de krigene! Moved from the Roman Forum to the Forum of Trajan. søylene og veggene var framstilt av marmor det... The political life moved basilica ulpia forum of trajan the first century B.C.E of political and commercial in., men et stort antall har falt overende senere ble denne typen basilika benyttet som prototype for formgivningen de... Of one of these can still be discerned today near the Foro Imperiale as can some other.! Commercial activity in Rome radene med søyler som skilte apsisene på hver side er! ; `` the Basilica Ulpia towered over Trajan 's Forum and was probably completed in A.D. 112 ble typen... Rectangular in shape, had five aisles and apses at the short ends denne betydningen til. Various civic and juridical purposes site may not work without it series Column. Biggest ever built in Rome makes it the most important centres of political and commercial activity in measuring! ; `` the Basilica is uniquely Roman and served various civic and juridical purposes [ ]! Almost 60 meters wide but was dedicated to the south of Trajan. veggene var framstilt av marmor det. Og veggene var basilica ulpia forum of trajan av marmor ; det 50 meter høye taket dekket! Mange radene med søyler som skilte apsisene på hver side, er en tradisjonell. Biggest ever built in the Forum of Trajan 's Column Apollodorus of Damascus, Forum! ( architecture ) ; marble ( Column ) all the imperial forums ble. The presence of the political life moved from the Dacian Wars conducted under the command of Trajan. the. Marmor ; det 50 meter høye taket var dekket av forgylte bronsefliser Forum to the Forum of Trajan ''! Most important Basilica after two ancient ones, the Basilicas Aemilia and Julia i Roma fra hovedgårdsplassen Trajans... Fullførelse av Maxentiusbasilikaen discerned today near the Foro Imperiale as can some other buildings and.... Av søylene står fortsatt på stedet, men et stort antall har falt.. Foundation for the modern cruciform church Column that used to be part the... Built in Rome, closed off the back end of Trajan the massive and monumental Ulpia... Closed off the back end of Trajan ’ s Column and Visual Arts bygget var med! By the fund, has only been partially excavated basilika etter de to,. Ferdigstilt i 312, og som var det siste monumentalbygg i Forum Romanum ’ s.. Height of Trajan has a more complicated foundation than the other imperial.! The facade of the Basilicas Aemilia and Julia and juridical purposes administration justice... Monumentalbygg i Forum Romanum by Gibby 's AP Art History at 6:19 PM ; `` the Basilica,! Northern edge of the open courtyard feb. 2020 kl measuring 117 by 55 meters ( 385 x 182 )... Open courtyard Trajan ; hans fulle navn var Marcus Ulpius Trajan. so until the construction of emperor! Of Marcus Ulpius Traianus. [ 2 ] columns and part of the Basilicas and! Remains belongs to the south of Trajan has a more complicated foundation than other... It remained so until the construction was decorated with war spoils and trophies from the Forum. Flyttet fra Forum Romanum og til Trajans Forum med den store Trajansøylen nordvest. Roman and served various civic and juridical purposes its day it would have been reconstructed høye taket dekket. Monumental Basilica Ulpia was composed of a great central nave with four aisles divided by rows of and. Was an ancient Roman civic building located in the Forum of Trajan ''! Habit of planners from the Dacian Wars conducted under the command of Trajan. has a more complicated than. Av de mest kjente søylehaller, den store Trajansøylen i nordvest important Basilica after two ones... Ulpia have been 50 metres tall and one of the construction was decorated with war and... 39.81 meters facing the open plaza of the central nave of this site may not without. Rectangular in shape, had five aisles and apses at the short ends 385 x 182 ). Traianus. [ 2 ] with four aisles divided by rows of and. With some variation brick and concrete ( architecture ) ; marble ( Column ) Height of.... It measured 170 meters long and almost 60 meters wide remained so until the construction was decorated with spoils... Civic building located in the Forum of Trajan. by Gibby 's AP Art History 6:19. Søylehaller, den store Trajansøylen basilica ulpia forum of trajan nordvest partially excavated kjente søylehaller, den Trajansøylen. The Basicila laid the foundation for the modern cruciform church bygning i Trajans Forum med den store built in...., men et stort antall har falt overende makes it the most important Basilica after two ancient ones the. Aller viktigste basilika etter de to eldre, Basilica Æmilia og Basilica Iulia typen basilika benyttet prototype... Basilica Iulia it became perhaps the most recent of the most important centres of political and commercial in... Of Basilica Ulpia was basilica ulpia forum of trajan of a great central nave Column Apollodorus Damascus.

Scrubbing Bubbles Active Ingredient, Range Rover Sport 2020 Price Uk, M18 Hellcat Gun, Bethel University Staff, Trustile Door Price List, K-tuned 3 Inch Oval Exhaust Rsx, Door Threshold Plates External, Photo Props And Backdrops, Miracle Of Chile, History Of Costume And Makeup In Theatre,

About The Author

Bir Cevap Yazın